2 edition of experimental study of eye-movements in the silent reading of Chinese ... found in the catalog.
experimental study of eye-movements in the silent reading of Chinese ...
in Chicago, Ill
Written in English
|Statement||by Fung Chiai Wang ...|
|LC Classifications||BF456.R2 W3 1933|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||v, 33 p.|
|Number of Pages||33|
|LC Control Number||34017352|
The effect of contextual diversity on eye movements in Chinese sentence reading Qingrong Chen1,2 & Xin Huang1 & Le Bai1 & Xiaodong Xu3 & Yiming Yang 4 & Michael K. Tanenhaus1,2 # Psychonomic Society, Inc. Abstract Recent studies have demonstrated that when con-textual diversity is controlled token word frequency has min-. The present study measured the comprehension‐based silent reading efficiency of U.S. students in grades 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, and Students read standardized grade‐level passages while an eye movement recording system was used to measure reading rate, fixations (eye stops) per word, fixation durations, and regressions (right‐to‐left eye movements) per by:
Eye movements are recorded (using eye-tracking devices) and these measurements are routinely used to make inferences about language processing during reading. This methodology rests on the assumption that there is a tight link between eye-movement control and language processing during reading; i.e., language processing determines when and/or. during reading. The current study tests Chinese–English bilinguals (see also Li & Gollan, ) to provide further evidence against an inattention account. Any language intrusion errors from English (written with the Roman alphabet, for example, book) into Chinese (written with logographic characters, forFile Size: KB.
This chapter provides a meta-analysis of the factors that govern word skipping in reading. It is concluded that the primary predictor is the length of the word to be skipped. A much smaller effect is due to the processing ease of the word (e.g., the frequency of the word and its predictability in the sentence). Orthography and the Development of Reading Processes: An Eye-Movement Study of Chinese and English Gary Feng Kevin Miller Duke University University of Michigan Hua Shu and Houcan Zhang Beijing Normal University2 As children become proficient readers, there are substantial changes in the eye movements that subserve reading.
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Eye movement in reading involves the visual processing of written text. This was described by the French ophthalmologist Louis Émile Javal in the late 19th century. He reported that eyes do not move continuously along a line of text, but make short, rapid movements intermingled with short stops ().Javal's observations were characterised by a reliance on naked-eye observation of eye movement.
The study of eye movements has proven to be one of the most successful approaches in research on reading.
In this overview, it is argued that a major reason for this success is that eye movement. Reading is the complex cognitive process of decoding symbols to derive meaning. It is a form of language processing. Success in this process is measured as reading g is a means for language acquisition, communication, and sharing information and ideas.
The symbols are typically visual (written or printed) but may be tactile ().Like all languages, it is a complex. Native Chinese readers' eye movements were monitored as they read text that did or did not demark word boundary information.
In Experiment 1, sentences had 4 types of spacing: normal unspaced text. The study of eye movements during reading has a long and rich history dating back to the latter part of the 19th century.
Elsewhere, I (Rayner,) have argued that there have been three eras of research on eye movements duringit now is apparent that we have entered a new, fourth, era in which sophisticated computational models of eye movement control are dominating the Cited by: Whereas Hsu and Huang (a, b) did not record eye movements (again relying on a more gross reading time measure), in Inhoff et al.’s () study readers’ eye movements were recorded as they read Chinese sentences under three presentation conditions: normal unspaced text, word spaced text in which a space appeared between each Chinese Cited by: Reading is fundamentally similar across disparate writing systems: A systematic characterization of how words and characters influences eye movements in Chinese reading.
Journal of Experimental Psychology: General,–Cited by: 4. Conclusion: The present study addresses important and understudied questions regarding the complex relationship between fluency and comprehension in oral and silent reading.
Differential effects of oral vs. silent reading are already apparent for the first two assessment periods of year 1 and provide a new and informative approach to the study. Eye Movements and Measures of Reading Time Simon P.
Liversedge University of Durham of eye movements which occur when a problem is encountered in the text. compares reading times for regions of the experimental sentences with reading times for equivalent regions of control sentences. In this way, the experimenter isFile Size: 3MB.
Abstract. The present chapter is a brief introduction to research on eye movements during reading. In the chapter, we will describe what the eye movement methodology has revealed about word recognition, syntactic parsing of sentences, and comprehension of longer segments of : Jukka Hyönä, Johanna K.
Kaakinen. Eye movement monitoring is useful both in the control of experiments on reading and as a source of data. Experiments using eye monitoring techniques have helped develop the following conclusions about the reading process: the region of text read during a fixation is quite small and asymmetric to the right of the center of vision, successive fixations are essentially nonoverlapping, the.
Eye movements in reading: Some theoretical context Ralph Radach1 and Alan Kennedy2 1General and Biological Psychology, University of Wuppertal, Wuppertal, Germany 2School of Psychology, University of Dundee, Dundee, UK The study of eye movements has proven to be one of the most successful approaches in research on.
This chapter discusses eye movements while reading Chinese. In a study described in the chapter, the similarities of reading eye movements for two very different languages, namely, Chinese character and alphabetic English, indicate that reading eye movements are controlled by the high-level centre of the human brain and not by peripheral visual feature detectors, and that the recognition spans Cited by: 6.
Full text of "An experimental study of the eye-voice span in reading." See other formats. Research project: Eye movements during reading Currently Active: Yes. The data obtained in eye movement experiments during reading are one of the most valid sources of information for acquiring insights into the cognitive processes that are active during the processing of linguistic material.
eye movements in reading. Prior to discussing these controversies, we will provide some background information on eye movements in reading. Although it might seem as if our eyes sweep smoothly across the page as we read, in reality, reading consists of a series of saccades (whereby the eyes jump from one location to another).
Full text of "An experimental study of the eye-voice span in reading" See other formats. Eye Movements in Reading: Perceptual and Language Processes focuses on eye movement and cognitive processes as a way to study the reading process. This book also discusses the different aspects of reading.
Organized into seven parts encompassing 26 chapters, this book begins with a discussion on the perceptual and psychophysical factors essential to eye movement during Book Edition: 1. Vowel Processing During Silent Reading: Evidence From Eye Movements Jane Ashby University of Massachusetts at Amherst Rebecca Treiman and Brett Kessler Washington University in St.
Louis Keith Rayner University of Massachusetts at Amherst Two eye movement experiments examined whether skilled readers include vowels in the early phono-Cited by: Skipping of the very-high-frequency structural particle de in Chinese reading. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 71 (1 Special Issue), more information; view in BU repository; von der Malsburg, T.
and Angele, B., False positives and other statistical errors in standard analyses of eye movements in reading. Reading Eye Movements The eye is stationary, resting ina fixational pause, about 90% ofthe time during a reading task (Tinker, ).
Rapid saccadic eye movements take about 20 msec for a 3° jump; thus, four such movements divert only 10% ofeach second from reading time. Reading eye move ments form a stereotyped pattern consisting, in large.Silent reading is one of the most important skills humans master and it is certainly one of the most frequent complex cognitive acts most adults perform.
A powerful tool for understanding reading is examining the pattern of eye movements while people silently read text for meaning.Keywords: homonymy, polysemy, Chinese, reading, eye movements. INTRODUCTION. Lexical ambiguity is one of several types of ambiguities and is widespread in human languages.
There are two types of lexical ambiguities: homonymy and polysemy (Lyons, ). A homonymy is a word that has two or more distinctly semantic unrelated meanings. 1.